It’s important to build up a playful relationship with younger children. This takes a bit of extra time, but otherwise younger children often just see healthcare professionals as coming to do something horrible. If the nurse only comes into the cubicle to give medicine, the child will think that’s all she’s coming to do and they get upset and distressed because they know she’s coming into to do something else. So the nurse then thinks they’re just distressing the child and stays away unless they have to go in so they don’t upset them. It becomes a vicious cycle, which just reinforces the child’s worries. It’s important that healthcare professionals find time to spend with children that doesn’t involve a procedure.